Any person who has not attained the age of 18 years is a child. Not only under the Constitution of India but also under different international conventions/ covenants child has rights. To give effect to the Constitutional provisions and relevant international instruments like the Beijing Rules(1985), Riyadh Guidelines and to adhere to the UNCRC 1989 (ratified by India in 1992) the Government of India notified the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 as amended in 2006 and in 2011 to consolidate and amend the law relating to Child/Children broadly categorized into juveniles in conflict with law (JCL) and children in need of care and protection (CNCP). The Model Rules was notified in 2007.
The Act and Rules aim to cater to the developmental needs of all children by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by adopting a child friendly approach in the adjudication, disposition of matters in the best interest of Children and for their ultimate rehabilitation. Another important aspect of the Act is the paradigm shift i.e. from welfare to the right(s) of the juvenile/ child. It require the involvement of various stakeholder groups in the process. To implement the JJ Act the Central Government has initiated a Scheme in 2010, known as Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS).
With a purpose to monitor the Justice System engineered for Juvenile/Child and also for proper Implementation of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 Patna High Court constituted a Committee comprising of three Hon’ble Judges of High Court under the guidance of Hon’ble the Chief Justice.